This documentation is for not yet released version of kapp. For the documentation of the latest release version, see the latest version.
Namespace for State Storage
To show list of deployed applications (via
kapp ls), kapp manages metadata
ConfigMap for each saved application. Each metadata
ConfigMap contains generated label used to label all application resources. Additionally kapp creates
ConfigMap per each deploy to record deployment history (seen via
kapp app-change list -a app1).
--namespace) flag allows to control which namespace is used for finding and storing metadata
ConfigMaps. If namespace is not explicitly specified your current namespace is selected from kube config (typically
There are currently two approaches to deciding which namespace to use for storing metadata
for each application, keep metadata
ConfigMapand app resources themselves in the same namespace. That namespace will have to be created before running
kapp deploysince kapp will first want to create a
$ kubectl create ns app1 $ kapp deploy -n app1 -f config.yml $ kapp ls -n app1
create a dedicated namespace to store metadata
ConfigMapsrepresenting apps, and have kapp create
Namespaceresources for applications from their config. With this approach namespace management (creation and deletion) is tied to a particular app configuration which makes it a bit easier to track
$ kubectl create ns apps $ kapp deploy -n apps -f app1/config.yml $ kapp deploy -n apps -f app2/config.yml $ kapp ls -n apps
app1/config.ymlmay look like this:
apiVersion: v1 kind: Namespace metadata: name: app1 --- apiVersion: apps/v1 kind: Deployment metadata: name: dep namespace: app1 ...
Note: It’s currently not possible to have kapp place app
ConfigMap resource into
Namespace that kapp creates for that application.
App Changes ¶
As mentioned above, app changes (stored as
ConfigMap) are stored in state namespace. App changes do not store any information necessary for kapp to operate, but rather act as informational records. There is currently no cap on how many app changes are kept per app.
To remove older app changes, use
kapp app-change gc -a app1 which by default will keep 200 most recent changes (as of v0.12.0). Alternatively use
--app-changes-max-to-keep flag on the
deploy command to control number of changes kept at the time of deploy.
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